This course is concerned with understanding the indispensable need to test Investigational New Drug (IND) safety before entering clinical trials. Focus is made on batteries of testing CVS, CNS, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal, immunological, and cancer chemotherapy pharmacological safety. Relation of such tests to monitoring adverse reactions of drugs in post-marketing surveillance is indicated.
Credit hours: 2+0

This course provides an overview of the concepts of the toxicity caused by dietary and herbal supplements. It starts with the international categories as per WHO definition, and FDA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act. The course deals with hazards of the misuse, and factors predisposing to dietary supplement and herbal toxicity, acute & chronic toxicities. Main diagnosis and management of patients after herbal and dietary supplement toxicity are discussed with focus on the use of toxidromes and system-based target organ toxicity. It also addresses standardization of herbs and dietary supplements, measures for the control and prevention of toxicity of dietary and herbal supplements and recommendations regarding the safety of dietary supplements and authority regulation.
Credit hours: 2+0

This course provides an overview of the common causes, mechanisms and major in vitro and in vivo testing strategies employed for investigating the potential genotoxicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and carcinogenicity of drugs/chemicals in mammalian systems.
Credit hours: 2+0

This course targets the disaster preparedness and management in terms of the recognition, evaluation, and management of the disasters that could affect human health, taking into consideration the environmental effects of the disasters.
Credit hours: 2+0

This course targets occupational health and safety in terms of the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of hazards arising in or from the workplace that could impair the health and well-being of workers, taking into account the possible impact on the surrounding communities and general environment.
Credit hours: 2+0

This course will provide students with the opportunity to learn more about and discuss the following topics: aspects of adverse drug reactions classification and mechanisms, monitoring and prevention of adverse drug reactions, drug interactions classification and mechanisms, prevention of unwanted drug interactions, beneficial drug interactions and using combinations of drugs.
Credit hours: 2+0